The East Surrey Regiment, with its depot in Kingston, contained eight battalions at the outset of the war. The 1st and 2nd Battalions comprised full-time professional soldiers and the 3rd and 4th Battalions were ‘Special Reserve units’, comprised of part-time volunteer soldiers, some of whom were former regulars. They provided reinforcements to the first two battalions in the event of war.
Four Territorial Force battalions, which had their origins in the rifle volunteer corps formed in the mid 19th century, were linked to the East Surrey Regiment. The 5th Battalion included volunteers from Streatham, Sutton, Wimbledon and Epsom and the 6th Battalion volunteers from Esher, Richmond, Kingston, Chertsey and Egham. In addition two battalions of the London Regiment (which consisted of 28 Territorial battalions) were associated with the East Surreys: the 21st (County of London) Battalion (1st Surrey Rifles) with a HQ in Camberwell, and the 23rd (County of London) Battalion, with a HQ in Clapham.Read More