Battle of Jutland Surrey Casualties
The Battle of Jutland took place between 31 May and 1 June 1916, off the North Sea coast of Denmark’s Jutland Peninsula. It was the largest naval battle and the only full-scale clash of battleships in the First World War. The British fleet comprised 151 combat ships and the German fleet comprised 99 combat ships.
The losses were huge on both sides:
British: 6,094 killed, 674 wounded, 177 captured and 3 battlecruisers, 3 armoured cruisers, and 8 destroyers sunk.
German: 2,551 killed, 507 wounded and 1 battlecruiser, 1 pre-dreadnought, 4 light cruisers and 5 torpedo-boats sunk.
British losses were greater but the German Commander, Reinhard Scheer, realised that further battles with a similar rate of attrition would exhaust the German High Seas Fleet long before it reduced the British Grand Fleet. As a result Jutland can be seen as a strategic victory for the British. While the British had not destroyed the German fleet and had lost more ships, the Germans had retreated to harbour; at the end of the battle the British were in command of the North Sea.
Surrey men were among the casualties and research is underway to find and record their names and life stories. The following are the men that have been identified so far, as more information becomes available further names may be added to the list.
HMS Ardent was an Acasta-class destroyer and the seventh Royal Navy ship to bear the name. She was launched in 1913 and was sunk on 1 June 1916 during the Battle of Jutland by secondary fire from the German dreadnought SMS Westfalen. Seventy-eight men went down with the ship, there were only 2 survivors. Among the casualties was one Surrey man.
HOWARD, William: Leading Signalman
HMS Black Prince
HMS Black Prince was a Duke of Edinburgh-class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy in the mid-1900s. She was stationed in the Mediterranean when the First World War began. German accounts report her being separated from the rest of the British fleet when she approached the German lines. The German battleship Thüringen fixed Black Prince in her searchlights and opened fire. Up to five other German ships, including the battleships Nassau, Ostfriesland, and Friedrich der Grosse, joined in the bombardment, with return fire from Black Prince being ineffective. HMS Black Prince was hit by at least twelve heavy shells and several smaller ones, sinking within 15 minutes. There were no survivors from her crew, all 857 being killed. Among the casualties were the following Surrey men.
BATES, Claude Leslie: Able Seaman
BEAGLEY, John: Able Seaman
BONHAM,Thomas Parry: Captain
DERMEDY, John James: Able Seaman
EAGLETON, Alfred: Able Seaman
GOODYEAR, Harry Edward: Able Seaman
HUNT, William: Leading Seaman
KILTY, Leonard J: Able Seaman
MAIDMENT, Sydney Walter: Able Seaman
MANSELL, Frederick Charles: Able Seaman
PERFECT, Frederick George: Ordinary Seaman
TANNER (alias TURNER), Edwin: Petty Officer
TAYLOR, Fred: Petty Officer Stoker
TOWNSEND, John Russell: Signalman
TRINDER, Joseph: Petty Officer Telegraphist
TUCKER, Harry Martin: Private, Royal Marine Light Infantry
WILLIAMS, Albert George: Boy 1st Class
HMS Calliope was a C-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy under construction at the outbreak of the First World War. She was badly damaged by a fuel oil fire in her boiler room while at sea on 19 March 1916, but was repaired in time to be one of the five ships in the 4th Light Cruiser Squadron at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May-1 June 1916. Under the command of Commodore Charles E. Le Mesurier, HMS Calliope received a number of hits just before nightfall on 31 May (notably by the German battleships Kaiser and Markgraf), and 10 of her crew were killed.
Among the casualties was the following Surrey man.
TISH, Thomas: Able Seaman
HMS Defence was a Minotaur-class armoured cruiser launched on 24 April 1907, the last armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy. She was stationed in the Mediterranean when the First World War began. During the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916, she was the flagship of Rear-Admiral Sir Robert Arbuthnot, leading the First Cruiser Squadron. HMS Defence was hit by two salvoes from German ships which caused the aft 9.2-inch magazine to explode. The resulting fire spread via the ammunition passages to the adjacent 7.5-inch magazines which detonated in turn. The ship exploded at 6.20pm with the loss of all men on board. Among the casualties were the following Surrey men.
COX, Alfred Frederick: Able Seaman
GATES, George Albert: Leading Signalman
KNOWLES, Albert Ernest: Ordinary Seaman
MORLEY, Frank: Boy 1st Class
WARD, Leonard Stanley: Boy 1st Class
HMS Indefatigable was the lead ship of her class of three battlecruisers launched on 28 October 1909. At around 4pm, during a phase of the Battle of Jutland called the “Run to the South”, Indefatigable was hit around the rear turret by two or three shells from Von der Tann. She fell out of formation to starboard and started sinking towards the stern and listing to port. Her magazines exploded at 4.03 after more hits, one on the forecastle and another on the forward turret. Of her crew of 1,019, only three survived. Among the casualties were the following Surrey men.
BARNARD, Victor Ernest Alfred: Ordinary Seaman
CLAYTON, William Edward: Boy First Class
EDEN, William Nicholas: Midshipman
FRANKLIN, Roland Edward: Ordinary Seaman
HARRIS, John Christopher: Ordinary Seaman
LONGLEY, Charles Raynsford: Midshipman
NORRIS, Hugh Leigh: Fleet Surgeon
SHARPE, Albert Edward: Able Seaman
WHITE, Albert Edward: Private, Royal Marine Light Infantry
HMS Invincible was the lead ship of her class of three battlecruisers, launched on 13 April 1907. In August 1914 she took part in the Battle of Heligoland Bight where she was the oldest and slowest of the British battlecruisers present. During the Battle of the Falkland Islands in December 1914, Invincible and her sister Inflexible sank the armoured cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau almost without loss to themselves, despite numerous hits by the German ships. She was the flagship of the 3rd Battlecruiser Squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916. At about 6.30pm Two German ships, Lützow and Derfflinger, fired three salvoes each at Invincible and sank her in 90 seconds. At least one 305 mm (12-inch) shell from the third salvo struck her midships ‘Q’ turret. The shell penetrated the front of ‘Q’ turret, blew off the roof and detonated the midships magazines, which blew the ship in half. Of her complement, 1,026 officers and men were killed, including Rear-Admiral Hood. Among the casualties were the following Surrey men.
BECK, Herbert Thomas: Leading Signalman
CARPENTER, Thomas Henry: Leading Stoker
COOPER, Reginald: Stoker 1st Class
COOTE, Graham Rupert: Able Seaman
FORDER, Reginald Nevill: Leading Stoker
HARRIS, Walter: Boy 1st Class
HOWARD, Frank: Gunner, Royal Marine Artillery
MANT, James Charles: Leading Stoker
OVERY, Charles: Able Seaman
POTTER, Henry Alexander: Telegraphist Petty Officer
STONARD, Harry: Stoker 1st class
SYLVESTER, William: Able Seaman
WHAPSHOTT, Edward Alfred: Boy Telegraphist
WISE, Frank Vincent: Signalman
HMS Queen Mary
HMS Queen Mary was the last battlecruiser built by the Royal Navy before the outbreak of the First World War. During the early stages of the Battle of Jutland she was hit twice by the German battlecruiser Derfflinger. Her magazines exploded shortly afterwards, sinking the ship. 1,266 crewmen were lost; eighteen survivors were picked up by the destroyers HMS Laurel, HMS Petard, and HMS Tipperary, and two by the Germans.
ALDRED, Henry George: Able Seaman
ATTWATER, Harry: Leading Cooks Mate
BAKER, Victor Owen: Able Seaman
BLANE, Sir Charles Rodney, Baronet: Commander
BURT, Walter Saxon: Midshipman
COLLYER, Fred: Stoker 1st Class
DUFFIELD, John Frederick: Able Seaman
DURRANT, Douglas: Able Seaman
EDSER, Douglas Aubrey: Stoker 1st Class
FAGENCE, James: Chief Stoker
FUNNELL, Jack: Stoker 1st Class
GALE, Albert George: Stoker 1st Class
KNIGHT, John Alfred: Petty Officer Stoker
PANKHURST, Herbert George: Shipwright 2nd Class
PAXTON, Harold: Record Signalman
PEIRSON-SMITH, Ernest Cecil: Midshipman
PENNELL, Harry Lewin Lee: Commander
PRIZEMAN, William Frank: Stoker, 1st Class
PROVINS, Arthur Edward: Able Seaman
RANDALL, William Henry: Chief Petty Officer (Chief Stoker)
ROBERTS, John: Leading Stoker
ROGERS, James: Ordinary Seaman
STEDMAN, Albert Eagle: Petty Officer
STEVENS, Henry George: Ordinary Seaman
STREET, George Campbell: Lieutenant Commander
WALKER, Lyell Frank: Boy 1st Class
HMS Shark, was an Acasta-class destroyer built in 1912. During the Battle of Jutland, at around 6 pm, Shark led an unsuccessful torpedo attack on the German 2nd Scouting Group. The other three destroyers escaped with little damage, but Shark was crippled by gunfire. At 7 pm, she was sunk by a torpedo launched by the German torpedo boat S54. Thirty of the crew managed to get onto the rafts. Only seven were picked up six hours later by a Danish ship, but one died soon afterwards. In total, 86 men out of a crew of 92 were killed. Among the casualties were two Surrey men.
GARROTT, Albert William: Able Seaman
LANGFORD, Harvey Joseph Clee: Able Seaman
HMS Southampton was a Town-class light cruiser built for the Royal Navy and launched on 16 May 1912. She was a member of the Chatham sub-class of the Town class. The ship survived the First World War and was sold for scrap in 1926.
GIBBINGS, Henry Charles: Able Seaman
HMS Tipperary, launched on 5 March 1915, was a Faulknor-class destroyer leader. Originally ordered by Chile, Tipperary and her sisters were bought by the Royal Navy at the outbreak of the First World War.
At around midnight on 31 May 1916, 150 rounds of 5.9in shells from SMS Westfalen and SMS Nassau were fired at HMS Tipperary. She was badly hit, her bridge damaged and most crew forward were killed or wounded, including Capt Wintour. At about 2am on 1 June HMS Tipperary was abandoned and she eventually sank. 150 of her crew of 197 were lost in the action.
COLWELL, Ernest Alfred: Signal Boy
DODD, Henry Walter Charles: Leading Stoker
IRELAND, Henry Amos: Boy 1st Class
MATON, Eustace Newton Gerald: Lieutenant
OSMOND, Albert Victor: Ordinary Seaman
STEVENS, Richard Randolph: Stoker 1st Class
TURNER, Arthur Robert: Boy Telegraphist
Served in the Battle of Jutland, died later in the war.
HMS Malaya was a Royal Navy Queen Elizabeth-class battleship ordered in 1913 and commissioned in 1916. Shortly after commissioning she fought in the Battle of Jutland. She was named in honour of the Federated Malay States in British Malaya, whose government paid for her construction. Most of Britain’s battleships suffered no casualties during the battle of Jutland, the heaviest toll was suffered by HMS Malaya. She was hit eight times and took major damage and heavy crew casualties, 63 dead and 68 wounded.
MATTHEWS, Albert: Boy 1st Class, died of wounds suffered during the Battle of Jutland on 24th June 1916.
HMS Princess Royal
HMS Princess Royal was the second of two Lion-class battlecruisers built for the Royal Navy before the outbreak of the First World War. She was damaged during the Battle of Jutland and required a month and a half of repairs. HMS Princess Royal was sold for scrap on 19 December 1922.
WATTS, Robert Alfred: Able Seaman, died of Pneumonia on 21 October 1918.
HMS Vanguard was one of three St Vincent-class dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Navy, launched on 22 April 1909. She was sunk by an internal explosion at Scapa Flow on 9 July 1917.
HOLLOWAY, Sidney Ernest Victor: Sick Berth Steward 2nd Class, killed when HMS Vanguard sank on 9 July 1917.
HMS Warspite was a Queen Elizabeth-class battleship built for the Royal Navy and launched on 26 November 1913. Her thirty-year career covered both world wars and took her across the Atlantic, Indian, Arctic and Pacific Oceans. She was decommissioned on 1 February 1945.
ARMSTRONG, Philip Furlong: Sub-Lieutenant, killed in action 3 January 1918 on Submarine G8 in the Kattegat.
Served in the Battle of Jutland, vessel unknown.
COCHRANE, Basil Robert: Lieutenant, served throughout the Great War, in the Falklands, Dardanelles and Jutland, died 14 March 1919.
Served in the Battle of Jutland, survived the war.
HMS New Zealand
HMS New Zealand was one of three Indefatigable-class battlecruisers built for the defence of the British Empire. Launched in 1911, the ship was funded by the government of New Zealand as a gift to Britain, and she was commissioned into the Royal Navy in 1912. Her reputation as a “lucky ship” was attributed by the crew to a Maori piupiu (warrior’s skirt) and hei-tiki (pendant) worn by the captain during battle. HMS New Zealand was sold for scrap on 19 December 1922.
BARTLETT, Reginald Edwin James: Able Seaman
Jutland, the Battlecruisers and Kingston, 31 May-1 June 1916