The Warriner Brothers

Courtesy of the RH7 History Group, as part of their First World War exhibitions from 2014-2018

Written by Janet Bateson and Sue Quelch

Albert and George Warriner were the sons of Emily and Charles Warriner of Old Town, Lingfield.

Sergeant Albert Warriner a married man living at Blindley Heath, enlisted in the 9th Battalion, the Royal Sussex Regiment on 12 September 1914.  He died of wounds at Baileul on 17 June 1916.  He was 35.  The local paper reported that he had been gassed and severely wounded by shrapnel.  It appears that he was greatly respected by his men and his local community.

George Warriner lived at home with his widowed mother in Old Town.  He served in the Royal Navy as a Stoker 1st Class on HMS Lancaster.  This ship was part of the 4th Cruiser Squadron initially protecting convoys in the West Indies before she was sent to join up with the Grand Fleet at Scapa Flow, in 1915.  Just before the Battle of Jutland, the Lancaster was transferred to the Pacific Ocean in April 1916, patrolling North and South America and the Falklands until 1919.  It would appear that the ship was badly hit by the Spanish ‘Flu epidemic in December 1918, when up to 300 men on board fell ill out of a ship’s complement of 680.  As well as the usual medals awarded to servicemen who served in the war, George was also issued with the Silver War Medal which was issued to men discharged due to sickness or injuries sustained in the conflict.  It is quite possible that George was on of the men affected by the influenza outbreak, although [there is] no record of this.  Unlike his older brother, George survived the war, returning to Lingfield in 1919.

 

Vice-Admiral Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter VC, Royal Navy

Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter was born in Barnes in the London Borough of Richmond, Surrey, on 17th September 1881. His parents were Captain Alfred Carpenter and Henrietta Maud Shedwell. The Carpenters had a history of service with the Royal Navy dating back to Napoleonic times.

After attending Bedales School Arthur joined the Royal Navy in 1896 to commence his officer training.

Prior to the First World War, Alfred’s service experience included the British naval task force intervention in Crete in 1898, the Boxer Rebellion in 1900-01 and witnessing the fleet royal review in 1902. Alfred was awarded the Royal Humane Society award for saving the life of a sailor who fell overboard in the Falkland Islands.

Over this period, Alfred developed an interest in navigation and came up with some new ideas and inventions.

At the outbreak of the First World War, Alfred was posted to Admiral Jellicoe’s  staff until he was promoted to Commander in 1915 and served as a navigation officer aboard HMS Empress of India between 1915-1917.

As an Acting-Captain, Alfred commanded HMS Vindictive which took part in the Zeebrugge raid on 22/23 April 1918. HMS Vindictive‘s role was to land 200 Royal Marines to destroy shore batteries as part of the plan to close the port to access from German craft, including submarines.

Alfred was awarded the Victoria Cross (VC). Due to poor weather conditions, darkness and heavy enemy fire, Alfred’s ship moored at the wrong place; however his outstanding leadership contributed to the overall success of the Zeebrugge mission. The VC citation set out in the London Gazette dated 23 July 1918 read as follows:-

‘Honour for  services in the operations against Zeebrugge and Ostend on the night of the 22nd-23rd April 1918.

The KING has graciously pleased to approve of the award of the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned:-

Commander (Acting Captain) Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, Royal Navy, for most conspicuous gallantry this officer was in command of ‘Vindictive’. He set a magnificent example to all those under his command by his calm composure when navigating mined water bringing his ship alongside the mole in darkness. When ‘Vindictive’ was within a few yards of the mole the enemy started and maintained a heavy fire from batteries, machine guns and rifles onto the bridge. He showed most conspicuous bravery, and did much to encourage similar behaviour on the part of the crew, supervising the landing from the ‘Vindictive’ on to the mole, and walking around the decks directing operations and encouraging the men in the most dangerous and exposed postions.

By his encouragement to those under him, his power of command and personal bearing, he undoubtedly contributed greatly to the success of the operation. Captain Carpenter was selected by the officers of the ‘Vindictive’, ‘ Iris II’, and ‘Daffodil’, and of the naval assaulting force to receive the Victoria Cross under Rule 13 of the Royal Warrant dated 29th January 1856.’

Alfred was also awarded the Croix de Guerre and also made an officer of the Legion of Honour.

Alfred remained in the Royal Navy post WWI and held several commands, including the role of Aide-de-Camp to the King. He eventually achieved the rank of Vice-Admiral and retired from the Royal Navy  in 1934.

During the Second World War Alfred, commanded the Wye Valley section of the Home Guard.

Alfred married twice during his life. His first wife, Maude Tordiffe, died in 1923. They had one child, a daughter. Alfred married again in 1927, Hilda Margaret Allison Johnson (nee Smith).

Alfred died on 27 December 1951 at St Briavel’s, in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, where he is commemorated at St Mary’s Church. He is also commemorated by a stone slab, unveiled to mark the centenary of the award of his VC, in Barnes.

Alfred’s medals, including the Victoria Cross, are on loan to the Imperial War Museum, London.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surrey Submariners who lost their lives in the Great War

In 1911 the British Admiralty was of the view that submarines were an ungentlemanly form of warfare, as they relied on stealth, and should not be used for military purposes. During the Great War submarines were used increasingly by both the British and German navies.

Submarines can be traced back to drawing made by Leonardo Da Vinci in the 15th Century. The first, reliably documented, submersible vessel was built in 1620 by Cornelis Drebbel, a Dutchman in the service of James I of England.

In 1864, late in the American Civil War, the Confederate navy’s H. L. Hunley became the first military submarine to sink an enemy vessel, the Union sloop-of-war USS Housatonic. In the aftermath of its successful attack against the ship, the Hunley also sank, possibly because it was too close to its own exploding torpedo.

In 1881 the Fenian Ram, designed by John Philip Holland, was launched by the Delamater Iron Company in New York. Built with funding from the Fenians’ Skirmishing Fund. The Fenian was an Irish republican organization founded in the United States in 1858 and the submarine was intended to be used against the British. It was never actually put into service.

Submarines were used increasingly during the First World War. They were still relatively fragile craft and were forced to spend much of the time on the surface as their batteries to power the electric motors used underwater had limited capacity. On the surface they generally used diesel engines which produced toxic fumes and therefore could not be used when submerged.

Many men lost their lives in submarines during the First World War, of these the following came from or had links to Surrey.

HM Submarine D2

HM Submarine D2 was one of eight D-class submarine built for the Royal Navy during the first decade of the 20th century. Built by Vickers Armstrong at Barrow-in-Furness and commissioned on 29th March 1911. On 28 August 1914, D2 fought in the Battle of Heligoland Bight. Lieutenant Commander Jameson was washed overboard off Harwich on 23rd November and as a result Lieutenant Commander Head took over command. D2 was rammed and sunk by a German patrol boat off Borkum, off the coast of Germany, on 25 November 1914, leaving no survivors.

ROLFE, Charles Burt: Leading Seaman

HM Submarine D6

HM Submarine D6 was one of eight D-class submarine built for the Royal Navy during the first decade of the 20th century. Built by Vickers Armstrong at Barrow-in-Furness and commissioned on 19th April 1912. D6 was sunk by UB-73 73 miles north of Inishtrahull Island off the west coast of Ireland on 24th or 28th June 1918.

EVERSFIELD, Frederick: Able Seaman

HM Submarine E3

HM Submarine E3 was the third E-class submarines to be constructed, built at Barrow by Vickers in 1911-1912. Built with compartmentalisation and endurance not previously achievable, these were the best submarines in the Royal Navy at the start of the First World War. She was sunk in the first ever successful attack on one submarine by another, when she was torpedoed on 18th October 1914 by U-27.

BARROW, John Gerald: Sub-Lieutenant

HM Submarine E4

HM Submarine E4 was a British E class submarine built by Vickers, Barrow-in-Furness, costing £101,900. E4 was laid down on 16th May 1911, launched on 5th February 1912 and commissioned on 28th January 1913. On 24th September 1915 E4 was attacked by the German airship SL3. On 15th August 1916, she collided with sister ship E41 during exercises off Harwich. Both ships sank and there were only 14 survivors, all from E41. Both boats were raised, repaired and recommissioned. She was sold on 21st February 1922 to the Upnor Ship Breaking Company.

PRESKETT, Harry: Leading Seaman

HM Submarine E5

HM Submarine E5 was a British E-class submarine built by Vickers Barrow-in-Furness. She was laid down on 9th June 1911 and commissioned on 28th June 1913. She cost £106,700. The E5 was lost on 7th March 1916 while rescuing the survivors of the trawler Resono, just north of Juist (Germany) in the North Sea. In 2016 divers found the wreck of E5 off the island of Schiermonnikoog, (Holland). Her hatches were open, which suggests that the crew had tried to escape. There was no sign of damage to her hull, indicating that she had not sunk as a result of enemy action.

ALDRED, Albert: Stoker (1st Class)

HM Submarine E11

HM Submarine E11 was an E-class submarine of the Royal Navy launched on 23rd April 1914. E11 was one of the most successful submarines in action during the 1915 naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign, sinking over 80 vessels of all sizes in three tours of the Sea of Marmara. 19 ratings on Submarine E11, received the Distinguished Service Medal in connection with the sorties by Submarine E11 into the Dardanelles to attack Turkish Warships and transports supporting or resupplying the Turkish defence of Gallipoli. The E11 was sold for scrap in March 1921.

LAKE, William Theophilus: Engine Room Artificer 4th Class
NASMITH, Martin Eric: Commander
SHARPE, J, Able Seaman

HM Submarine E14

HM Submarine E14 was a British E class submarine built by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness and commissioned on 18th November 1914. Her hull cost £105,700. During the First World War, two of her captains were awarded the Victoria Cross, and a large number of her officers and men also decorated. She was sunk by shellfire from coastal batteries in the Dardanelles on 28 January 1918.

PITHER, Henry: Leading Seaman
RANDALL, John Benjamin Baldwin: Chief Engineroom Artificer
WHITE, Geoffrey Saxton: Lieutenant Commander

HM Submarine E15

HM Submarine E15 was launched on 23rd April 1914. During the First world War, E15 served in the Mediterranean, participating in the Gallipoli Campaign against the Ottoman Empire. On 16th April 1915, under the command of Lieutenant Commander Theodore S. Brodie, E15 sailed from her base at Mudros (Greece) and attempted to break through the Dardanelles to the Sea of Marmara. Early in the morning of 17th April, the submarine, having dived too deep, become caught in the vicious current and ran near Kepez Point, directly under the guns of Fort Dardanos. E15 was soon hit and disabled; Brodie was killed in the conning tower by shrapnel and six of the crew were killed by chlorine gas released when the submarine’s batteries were exposed to seawater after a second shell strike. Forced to evacuate the vessel, the remaining crew surrendered, to be incarcerated in a prisoner of war camp near Istanbul where six later died. Lieutenant Price was one of the prisoners of war and died of pneumonia.

PRICE, Edward John: Lieutenant

HM Submarine E16

HM Submarine E16 was built by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furnes. She was laid down on 15th May 1913 and was commissioned on 27th February 1915. Her hull cost £105,700. E16 was the first E-class to sink a U-boat. U-6 was sunk off Karmøy island near Stavanger, Norway on 15th September 1915. E16 was sunk by a mine in Heligoland Bight on 22nd August 1916. There were no survivors.

BULBECK, William Henry: Able Seaman

HM Submarine E.18

HM Submarine E18 was an E-class submarin, launched in 1915 and lost in the Baltic Sea in May 1916 while operating out of Reval (Estonia). The exact circumstances surrounding the sinking remain a mystery. In October 2009, the wreck of HM Submarine E18 was discovered by a Remote Operated Vehicle deployed by the Swedish survey vessel MV Triad. The position of the wreck lies off the coast of Hiiumaa, Estonia. Photographs taken of the wreck show the submarine with its hatch open, suggesting that it struck a mine while sailing on the surface

BAGG, Edwin Albert: Chief Petty Officer
EDWARDS, Clement Harry: Leading Telegraphist

HM Submarine E 20

HM Submarine E 20 , built by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness, was laid down on 25th November 1914 and commissioned on 30th August 1915. She was sunk, torpedoed by UB-14, on 6th November 1915. Operating in the eastern Mediterranean, E20 was scheduled to rendez-vous with the French submarine Turquoise on 6th November 1915. However, on 30th October, Turkish forces sank the Turquoise off Nagara Point in the Dardanelles, refloating her shortly afterwards and retrieving intact her confidential papers. Unaware of her plight, E20 attempted to keep the rendez-vous. The Imperial German Navy submarine UB-14, which was at Constantinople, was sent to intercept E20, reportedly going so far as to radio messages in the latest British code. Upon arriving at the designated location, UB-14 surfaced and fired a torpedo at E20 from a distance of 550 yards. E20’s crew saw the torpedo, but it was too late to avoid the weapon. The torpedo hit E20’s conning tower and sank her with the loss of 21 men. UB-14 rescued nine, including E20’s captain, Clyfford Harris Warren, who was detained as a prisoner of war until 21st November 1918.

WARREN, Clyfford Harris: Lieutenant-Commander

HM Submarine E24

HM Submarine E24 was launched on 9th December 1915 and was commissioned on 9th January 1916. She left Harwich on the morning of 21st March 1916 to lay mines in the Heligoland Bight, off the coast of Germany. She did not return from the mission, and was logged as missing on 24th March 1916. Human remains found in the wreck during a salvage operation in 1973 were buried in Ohlsdorf Cemetery, Hamburg.

TRENDELL, Frederick Arthur: Able Seaman

HM Submarine E26

HM Submarine E26 was built by William Beardmore and Company, Dalmuir. She was one of a pair of submarines ordered by the Ottoman Navy on 29th April 1914, but taken over by the Royal Navy and assigned the E26 name. She was laid down in November 1914, launched on 11th November 1915, and commissioned on 3rd October 1915.

HMS E26 was lost with all hands in the North Sea, probably in the vicinity of the eastern River Ems (North Western Germany), on or about 3rd July 1916. Her wreck has been found by a group of Dutch divers in 2006.

ATKIN-BERRY, Harold Harding: Lieutenant

HM Submarine E36

HM Submarine E36 was built by John Brown, Clydebank, for the Royal Navy. She was laid down on 7th January 1915 and commissioned on 16th November 1916. E36 was sunk in a collision with E43 off Harwich in the North Sea on 19th January 1917. There were no survivors.

CONEY, Herbert Henry: Petty Officer Stoker

HM Submarine E37

HM Submarine E37 was built by Fairfield, Govan, Clyde. She was laid down on 25th September 1915 and was commissioned on 17th March 1916. E37 was lost in the North Sea on 1st December 1916. There were no survivors.

HARLOCK, Philip: Lieutenant

HM Submarine E50

HM Submarine E 50 was built by John Brown, Clydebank. She was laid down on 14th November 1916 and commissioned on 23rd January 1917. E50 was damaged in a collision with the Imperial German Navy submarine UC-62 while submerged in the North Sea off the North Hinder Light Vessel on 19th March 1917. She was lost on 1st February 1918. It was believed that she struck a mine in the North Sea off the South Dogger Light Vessel. In 2011 the wreck was found by a Danish Expedition much closer to the Danish coast, 65 Nautical Miles west of Nymindegab.

HARDS, William Walter Jordan: Leading Stoker

HM Submarine G8

The G-class submarines were designed by the Admiralty in response to a rumour that the Germans were building double-hulled submarines. She was commissioned on 30th June 1916. Her last patrol began from Tees on 27th December 1917, leaving with the submarine HMS G12 and the destroyer HMS Medea for the Kattegat. She was ordered to start her voyage back on or shortly after 3rd January 1918. She never arrived at Tees and was not heard from again. She was officially declared missing on 14 January 1918. The cause remains unknown

ARMSTRONG, Philip Furlong: Sub-Lieutenant. Served on HMS Warspite during the Battle of Jutland.

HM Submarine H3

HM Submarine H3 was built by Canadian Vickers Co, Montreal. She was laid down on 11th January 1915 and commissioned on 3rd June 1915. After commissioning she crossed the Atlantic from St. John’s, Newfoundland to Gibraltar escorted by the armed merchant cruiser HMS Calgarian. H3 was mined in the Gulf of Cattaro, Adriatic on 15 July 1916.

SANFORD, John: Able Seaman

HM Submarine H5

HM Submarine H5 was built by Canadian Vickers Co, Montreal. Launched June 1915. She sank the U-boat U 51 in July 1916. H5 sunk after being rammed by the British merchantman Rutherglen, mistaken for a German U-boat, on 2 March 1918. All on board perished.

COLBRAN, Charles John: Petty Officer

HM Submarine H10

HM Submarine H10 was by the Canadian Vickers Co., Montreal. She was commissioned in June 1915. H10 was lost in the North Sea, reasons unknown, on 19th January 1918.

BRANCH, Robert Douglas: Petty Officer

HM Submarine K4

HM Submarine K4 was built by Vickers in Barrow-in-Furness. She was laid down on 28th June 1915 and commissioned on 1st January 1917. She was lost on 31st January 1918 during the night time fleet exercises later known as the Battle of May Island. She was lost with all hands. The Battle of May Island is the name given to the series of accidents that occurred during Operation E.C.1 in 1918. Named after the Isle of May, an island in the Firth of Forth. On the misty night of 31st January to 1st February 1918, five collisions occurred between eight vessels. Two submarines were lost and three other submarines and a light cruiser were damaged. 104 men died, all of them Royal Navy.

CORFIELD, Alfred Abe Benjamin: Petty Officer

HM Submarine K5

HM Submarine K5 was commissioned in 1917. She was lost with all hands when she sank en route to a mock battle in the Bay of Biscay. George Booker was swept overboard on 31st July 1918, his body was never recovered

BOOKER, George Lewis: Chief Stoker

HM Submarine L11

HM Submarine L11 was built by Vickers Limited, Barrow-in-Furness, She was laid down on 17th January 1917 and commissioned on 27th June 1918. She was one of five boats in the class to be fitted as a minelayer. The L11 survived the war and was sold for scrap in 1932. Leonard Gale was assigned to HMS Lucia, a submarine Depot Ship supporting the 10th flotilla which included submarines E27, E33, E39, E40, E42, E44, L11, L16, L20 and L55. His death is recorded as accidental.

GALE, Leonard Frank: Able Seaman

HM Submarine L.55

HM Submarine L.55 was built by Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Govan, Clyde. She was laid down on 21st September 1917 and was commissioned on 19th December 1918. On 4th June 1919 (some sources say it was 9th June), while serving as part of the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, the submarine unsuccessfully attacked two Bolshevik destroyers that were laying mines to protect Petrograd (now St Petersburg) and in so doing suffered damage and was sunk. L55 was raised in 1928 and refitted for the Russian Navy, she finally was scrapped in the 1953.

CRYSELL, Albert William: Able Seaman

Signalman Frank Vincent Wise

This story is the result of an investigation of documents held by Surrey History Centre. The file (SHC ref. CC7/4/4, nos. 1-50) contains correspondence and insurance claims on behalf of Surrey County Council Education Department employees who had been killed in action during the Great War. The cases date from 1915 to 1918.

Name:                                        Frank Vincent Wise

Occupation:                              Assistant Teacher, Bagshot Council School

Birth Place:                               Virginia Water, Surrey

Residence:                                Virginia Water, Surrey

Date of Death:                         31st May 1916 (DOB 15th September 1891)

Age:                                           24 years

Location:                                   Battle of Jutland

Rank:                                          Signalman

Regiment:                                 Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, H.M.S. Invincible

Regimental Number:              London Z/2954

Frank Wise was born, baptised and raised in Virginia Water, Surrey. By 1901 his mother, Katherine, had been widowed and was living with Frank in Christ Church Cottage, Virginia Water. He was her only child.

By 1911, Frank had moved to New Cross, Deptford, London, where he was attending teacher training college.

There is no information as to when he became an assistant teacher at Bagshot Council School.

Frank enlisted into the Royal Navy on 20th August 1915, appearing to initially be assigned to the Royal Naval Division (R.N.D.).  The R.N.D. was formed in September 1914 to fight on land alongside the Army. It consisted of men brought together from the Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Fleet Reserve, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, a brigade of Royal Marines, Royal Navy and Army personnel. In Frank’s case, he qualified for the R.N.D. as a member of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, and his posting was probably more administrative than physical.

He was temporarily assigned to HMS Pembroke, a shore-based garrison, on 26th of November 1914, before joining HMS Invincible as a signaller on 1st December 1915, on which he remained until his death.

HMS Invincible was a battlecruiser launched in 1907, weighing 17,250 tonnes, mounting eight 12-inch guns.  She had already seen action at the Battle of Heligoland Bight and the Battle of Falklands in 1914, and now led the 3rd Battle Cruiser Squadron into the fight at Jutland.

Entering into action, she was the lead British ship, coming within 9,000 yards of the enemy fleet before opening fire at around 6:20 p.m. Ahead were the German flagship SMS Lützow and SMS Derfflinger, each with eight 12-inch guns, plus other German ships, including the Koenig. Invincible’s steady fire inflicted heavy punishment on the German ships. Commander von Hase of the Derfflinger said “several shells pierced our ship with a terrific force and exploded with a tremendous roar which shook every seam and rivet”. A senior British officer later said, however, that the Germans were also “pouring hot fire into [HMS Invincible]”.  At 6:33 p.m. the Invincible blew up; the official history describes the moment:

“Flames shot up from the gallant flagship, and there came again the awful spectacle of a fiery burst, followed by a huge column of dark smoke which, mottled with blackened debris, swelled up hundreds of feet in the air, and the mother of all battle cruisers had gone to join the other two that were no more (referring to other ships lost that day).”

One survivor, Marine Bryan Gasson, described the moment the ship was hit:

“Suddenly our starboard midship turret manned by the Royal Marines was struck between the two 12-inch guns and appeared to me to lift off the top of the turret and another from the same salvo followed. The flashes passed down to both midship magazines…The explosion broke the ship in half. I owe my survival to the fact that I was in a separate compartment at the back of the turret.”

Only six crew survived. 1,026 crewmen, including Frank, perished.

Incredibly, one of the survivors, H.E. Dannreuther, wrote a letter to Frank’s family dated 8th June 1916:

‘The Invincible was hotly engaged with the German battle-cruiser Derflinger and was giving her a severe hammering when the end came quite suddenly.

At 6.34 p.m. May 31st there was a tremendous explosion aboard – the ship broke in half and sank in 10 or 15 seconds.

Only seven of us ever came to the surface again after the ship sank, and three of these disappeared shortly afterwards.

Death came quickly to everyone and our brave fellows died the death that I am sure they would have chosen, and one of which you may well think with pride and satisfaction.  Everything was going splendidly at the time – everyone seemed with joy and enthusiasm…

I remember F.V. Wise well – a fine fellow and much respected and like aboard. My only consolation I can offer is that he died as I am sure he wished to die – for no finer could fall to the lot of men – and that his end was sudden and painless.’

After his death, Frank’s mother, Katherine, pursued an insurance claim with Surrey County Council which had taken out an insurance policy on behalf of Frank. She had no other source of income apart from an Admiralty payment that would end in November 1916. In the correspondence around the claim her character was described as ‘excellent’.  She eventually received £88 and 15 shillings, paid out at 5 shillings a week allowance, with the proviso that if she needed more there was money available.

Frank’s body was never recovered, and he is commemorated on the Chatham Naval Memorial, Kent.

He was entitled to the 1914/15 Star, War Medal and Victory Medal.

Sources

Surrey History Centre File CC7/4/4

National Archives file reference ADM 337/38/91: Frank Vincent WISE, Service Number: Z/2954 RNVR

https://news.bournemouth.ac.uk/2014/08/04/loss-and-survival-at-sea-the-hms-invincible-at-the-battle-of-jutland-1916/

J.J. Colledge and B. Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy… from the 15th Century to Present (London, Chatham Publishing, 2006).

Sir Julian S Corbett, World War 1 at Sea: Naval Operations, Volume 3, Spring 1915 to June 1916 (London, Longmans Green and Co., 1923).

Battle of Jutland, 30th May to 1st June 1916, Official Despatches with Appendices (London, HMSO, 1920).

England Census

Commonwealth War Graves Commission – https://www.cwgc.org/

Ancestry website – https://www.ancestry.co.uk/

 

Surrey Casualties at the Battle of Coronel, 1 November 1914

The Battle of Coronel was a First World War Imperial German Naval victory over the Royal Navy on 1st November 1914, off the coast of central Chile near the city of Coronel.

On 4 October 1914, the British learned from an intercepted radio message that German Vice-Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee planned to attack shipping on the trade routes along the west coast of South America. British Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock cabled the Admiralty, on October 22nd, that he was going to round Cape Horn. Cradock’s Squadron consisted of the armoured cruisers HMS Good Hope (flagship) and HMS Monmouth, the modern light cruiser HMS Glasgow, the armed merchantman HMS Otranto. Spee had a superior force of five modern vessels, the armoured cruisers SMS Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the light cruisers SMS Dresden, Leipzig and Nürnberg.

Whilst in Coronel harbour HMS Glasgow intercepted radio messages between the German supply ship Göttingen and Vice-Admiral Spee which suggested that German warships were close. Spee decided to move his ships to Coronel, to trap HMS Glasgow, while Admiral Cradock hurried north to catch SMS Leipzig.

At 09:15 on 1 November, HMS Glasgow left port to meet Cradock at noon, west of Coronel. At 16:17 SMS Leipzig, accompanied by the other German ships, spotted smoke from the line of British ships. Spee ordered SMS Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Leipzig to full speed to intercept. At 16:20, HMS Glasgow and Otranto saw smoke to the north and then three ships, the British reversed direction, so that both fleets were moving south and a chase began. Cradock was faced with a choice; the three faster cruisers could outrun the Germans but this meant abandoning HMS Otranto, or all the vessels stayed and fought. At 17:10, Cradock decided he must fight.

At around 19.30 HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth were hit and caught fire, making them easier targets for the German gunners. HMS Good Hope was hit repeatedly and around 19.50 her forward section exploded, she broke apart and sank. HMS Monmouth attempted to reach the Chilean coast but was hit and sunk by shells from SMS Nürnberg. There were no survivors from either Good Hope or Monmouth, 1,600 British officers and men were dead, including Admiral Cradock. HMS Glasgow and HMS Otranto both escaped.

A memorial to Rear Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock, K.C.V.O.C.B. and the officers and men under his command was placed in Saint John’s Church in Concepción, Chile.

Of the men lost during the Battle of Coronel the following had Surrey connections.

HMS Good Hope

Bashford, Alfred, Able Seaman
BROWN, George Shipton, Lance Corporal
CHEESMAR, Stanley William, Able Seaman
COTTER, Francis John Anson, Sub-Lieutenant
DAVID, Charlie, Stoker 1st Class
ELSON, George Edward, Stoker 1st Class
FISHER, John Maurice Haig, Lieutenant
FLOWERS, George, Joiner
GASKELL, Gerald Bruce, Lt-Commander
GOSLING, John, Able Seaman
HOPTON, Thomas Francis, Mechanician
LARBY, Walter, Stoker 1st Class
ROYAL, Arthur Charles, Able Seaman
SMITH, William Wilton, Able Seaman
TAPLIN, Percy Charles, Stoker 1st Class
TRUSSLER, Frederick James, Private

TUDOR, Douglas Courtenay, Lieutenant
WHICHER, Frederick, Able Boy

HMS Monmouth

BAGOT, Maurice John Hervey, Lieutenant
BRYAN, Norman Ford, Ordinary Seaman
COOPER, John, Fleet Paymaster
COWIE, Charles Gordon, Able Seaman
PASCOE, John Mydhope, Midshipman
SINGLETON, Eli, Able Seaman

Fleet Paymaster John Cooper

Researched and written by Anne Wright

Fleet Paymaster J Cooper, RN
HMS Monmouth
Lost in action, 1.11.1914
Age, 45

John Cooper was a resident of Weybridge according to a list of naval casualties reported in the Surrey Advertiser on Saturday, 14 November 1914. He may have been the John Cooper recorded on Surrey’s Electoral Register for 1914 who lived at Glendower in Oatlands Drive. There is, however, a definite documented link to Surrey: his eldest child James Francis was born at Holmbury St. Mary in 1906.

John was born on 4 July 1869 to James Cooper Cooper (formerly Tuthill, d.1906) and Mary (nee Pickering) of Kilkeedy, Limerick. He was the youngest child of a very large family. His father was described as a Gentleman and his mother was the daughter of Charles Pickering of Roebuck, Co. Dublin. John was educated at Burney’s Royal Academy, Clarence Square, Gosport in Hampshire. This Academy was founded in 1791 as a boarding school for military and naval pupils.

John joined the Royal Navy in 1886 at the age of 17 as an Assistant Clerk, by 1900 he was a Paymaster, by 1904 a Staff Paymaster and in 1908 he became Fleet Paymaster. He served on HM Yacht Osborne between 1899 and 1902. His administrative skills were honed with stints as Secretary to Admiral Custance in the Venerable and to Admiral Sir Charles Briggs in the Lord Nelson and the Dreadnaught. He was also able to utilise his ability as a French interpreter. A string of positive comments followed him from ship to ship: ‘Mr Cooper is a hardworking, painstaking officer’, ‘Zealous, hardworking officer. Regret losing his service.’ and ‘Strongly recommended.’ He joined his final ship, HMS Monmouth on 30 July 1914.

After 19 years in the Navy with his career developing well he married Marguerite Sutherland (b. c. 1875) on 5 June 1905 at St. Peter’s Church, Cranley Gardens in the London borough of Kensington & Chelsea. She was the daughter of the late Captain Francis Sutherland of the Royal Scots Greys and his wife, Elizabeth. The couple both recorded London addresses on their marriage certificate. They went on to have two sons and a daughter; James Francis, Christopher John (b. 1906) and Elizabeth Mary (b. 1909). When Elizabeth was two years old the family was based at Warwick Park, Honicknowle, Crownhill, R.S.O., S. Devon (near Plymouth).

HMS Monmouth was part of Admiral Christopher Cradock’s West Indies squadron. The flag ship HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth were ‘older’ armoured cruisers; the rest of the squadron consisted of HMS Glasgow, a modern light cruiser and HMS Otranto, a converted liner. The German opposition was a squadron of five modern ships with elite crews under Admiral von Spee. His objective was to attack and disrupt British and French commercial shipping off the west coast of S. America. The two squadrons clashed off the Chilean port of Coronel on 1 November 1914.

Admiral Cradock ordered the Otranto to escape and then turned to engage the enemy. At action stations 60 exotic parrots bought by the crew of HMS Glasgow were released from their cages in the hope that they would return to the safety of the mainland, ‘They rose in a cloud of brilliant blues and greens and oranges….’ a naval historian later wrote, but alarmed by the rising gale they returned to Glasgow; just 10 survived. The German Admiral opened fire at 7pm when Cradock’s ships were silhouetted against the setting sun. At 7.50pm Good Hope’s magazine exploded, she sank at 7.57pm. There were no survivors. She had been hit at least 30 times. Monmouth was also badly damaged, like Good Hope she had been hit at least 30 times. The third salvo from Gneiseau set her forward turret on fire. Listing to port she was unable to fire, but her White Ensign was still flying. She was finished off by the newly arrived Nurberg with gunfire at point blank range. HMS Glasgow observed 75 gun flashes. Monmouth sank at 9.18pm. There were no survivors.

HMS Glasgow escaped. This was the first British defeat at sea since 1812. Revenge was swift: von Spee’s fleet was destroyed on 8 December 1914 in the Battle of the Falklands by HMS Invincible and HMS Inflexible with help from their Japanese allies. The one German ship to escape, the Dresden, was tracked down and destroyed in March 1915.

John Cooper is commemorated on the Naval Memorial at Plymouth. His three children all reached adulthood and married. There were at least three grand-children; Dan, Roger and Paul Cooper the sons of his eldest child.

Sources:

British Naval Disaster at Coronel, https://warfarehistorynetwork.com
HMS Monmouth (D28) (+1914), www.wrecksite.eu
Major Warships Sunk in WW1, 1914: Battle of Coronel, http://worldwar1.co.uk/coronel.html
The Battle of the Falklands, The Independent, 17 April 2017
The Monmouth and Good Hope, Surrey Advertiser, 14 November 1914
The Naval Fight off Chile, The Times, 18 November 1914
Royal Navy Officers’ Service Records, 1756-1931, The National Archives, ADM 196/143/860
Surrey, England, Electoral Registers, 1832-1962, www.ancestry.co.uk
UK, De Ruvigny’s Roll of Honour, 1914-1924, www.ancestry.co.uk

Lt-Commander Ernest Torre Favell

Researched and written by Anne Wright

Lt-Commander E T Favell, RN
HMS Pathfinder
Killed, 5.9.1914
Age, 29

Ernest Torre Favell enrolled in the Royal Navy as a fifteen year old boy on 15 May 1900. He would become part of naval history, losing his life when HMS Pathfinder was the first ship to be sunk by a submarine fired, self propelled torpedo.

He was born on 20 November 1894 to Colonel Thomas Milnes, a civil and mechanical engineer, and Anna Jane (nee Bainbridge) Favell. His birth was registered in Stoke-on-Trent and he was baptised on 6 January 1895 at Hanley, Staffordshire. Ernest’s parents came from Durham and Northumberland respectively, his father, the son of a landowner and his mother, the daughter of a clergyman. They married in Croydon in 1873. Ernest was the fourth of at least six children. His elder brother, Francis, also served in the Royal Navy and survived the war; he died in his eighties, in South Africa. The family lived at Seabridge Hall in Seabridge, close to Newcastle-under-Lyme until the early 1890s; they then moved to Heatherlea, Wolstanton, also in Staffordshire where they remained until at least 1900. It is likely that ‘Fairwood’, Pine Grove in Weybridge became their home in the early years of the new century.

By 1901 Ernest was a naval cadet on board the training ship ‘Britannia’, stationed at Plymouth. He rose steadily through the ranks: Midshipman (1901), Sub-Lieutenant (1904), Lieutenant (1906) and finally Lieutenant-Commander on 15 March 1914. The ships he served in included, Diadem, Vengeance, Irresistible, Albion and Pathfinder, which he joined on 25 April 1914. His overseas service included time in Mediterranean waters. Ernest’s service reports record that he was ‘zealous’, ‘capable’, ‘hardworking’ and ‘very trustworthy’. Ernest was a keen sportsman: he played regularly for the United Services Rugby team; he was a well-known Service Hockey player and won numerous prizes for sailing and rowing.

HMS Pathfinder, a light cruiser, served with the 8th Destroyer Flotilla based at the major naval base of Rosyth in the Firth of Forth. At the beginning of September 1914, Otto Hersing’s U-21 entered these waters. His presence there may have been due to information provided by the German spy, Carl Hans Lody, who had been monitoring the Firth of Forth. On the morning of 5 September, Hersing spotted the SSE course of HMS Pathfinder and destroyers of the 8th Flotilla. The destroyers turned back towards May Island at midday, but Pathfinder continued her patrol. At 15.43 Hersing launched one torpedo as his target was on her return journey. Look-outs on Pathfinder spotted a torpedo wake heading toward the starboard bow at 15.45. Ernest Favell was the officer of the watch and ordered immediate evasive action. At 15.50 the torpedo detonated beneath the bridge and caused a tremendous explosion as the magazine blew up.

There was not enough time to lower the two boats, the others were left ashore, and five minutes after the explosion the bow section sheared off as the stern heaved up to a sixty degree angle. HMS Pathfinder then slipped below the surface. Aldous Huxley who was staying at St. Abbs witnessed this dramatic end and described it to his father in a letter dated 14 September 1914:

……we actually saw the Pathfinder explosion – a great white cloud with its foot in the sea. The St Abbs’ lifeboat came in with most appalling accounts of the scene. There was not a piece of wood, they said, big enough to float a man – and over acres the sea was covered with fragments – human and otherwise.

Fishing boats, destroyers and steamers also rushed to the scene to be greeted by Pathfinder’s poignant debris: seamen’s clothes, letters, photographs and books including the ship’s Bible. There were just eighteen known survivors, one of whom was the Captain, who with his secretary had been the last to leave the ship. About two hundred and fifty men lost their lives. The authorities tried to cover up the circumstances of Pathfinder’s demise saying that the ship had been blown up by a mine; however, they could not ignore the potent threat of submarine warfare.

The wreck of Pathfinder lies upright two hundred and twenty feet below the surface off St. Abbs Head. Carl Hans Lody was captured and executed by firing squad at the Tower of London on 6 November 1914. Otto Hersing and U-21 survived the war. Hersing died in 1960 and U-21 sank in 1919 while being towed to surrender. Some think Hersing may have caused this.

Lt-Commander Ernest Torre Favell is commemorated on the Chatham Naval Memorial (Panel 1) and by a wrought silver chalice inscribed in his memory and given to the Church of St Michael and All Angels in Princes Road; on the demolition of this church in 1973 it was passed to the Church of the Ascension in Aldershot. The crew of HMS Pathfinder are commemorated on a plaque in St Clements Church, Ipswich. His father served as an Urban District Councillor and both parents remained in their Weybridge home until their deaths in 1936 and 1937 respectively.

Sources:

England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1837-1915, www.ancestry.co.uk
HMS Pathfinder, The First Ship to be Sunk by a Torpedo from a Submarine, www.medalsofengland.com
Kelly’s Directories, 1892, 1896 & 1900, Staffordshire, UK, City & County Directories, 1766-1946, www.ancestry.co.uk
Lieutenant Commander Ernest Torre Favell – Royal Navy, HMS Pathfinder, www.favell.org.uk/Pathfinder.htm
Milmo, Cahal The First Execution at the Tower of London for 167 years, The Independent, 15 April 2014
Royal Navy Officers’ Service Records, 1756-1931, The National Archives, ADM 196/143/860
Surrey, England, Electoral Registers, 1832-1962, www.ancestry.co.uk

Lt-Commander Gerald Bruce Gaskell

Researched and written by Anne Wright

Lt-Commander G B Gaskell, RN
HMS Good Hope
Lost in action, 1.11.1914
Age, 32

The Reverend Thomas Kynaston Gaskell and his wife Horatia Octavia (nee Hugo) had four sons: Hugh Selwyn, Gerald Bruce, John Charles Temple and Christopher. They all served in the First World War. The eldest, Hugh, a doctor, joined the Royal Army Medical Corps, he survived the war; Gerald, a naval officer and John, an army officer were both lost in action; the youngest, Christopher, who joined the Canadian Infantry, was badly injured at Bethune and died of his wounds in 1938. The Gaskells’ son-in-law was also killed (see Bulteel).

Gerald Bruce Gaskell was born on 29 November 1881 and was baptised at St. Helen’s Church, Folksworth, Peterborough on 13 January 1882. In addition to his three brothers he had two younger sisters, Horatia Margaret and Dorothea Grace. As a nine year old, Gerald was a boarder at school in Shrewsbury and ten years later he was a Midshipman aboard HMS Furious at Sheerness, Kent. He had become a naval cadet on the training ship Britannia in January 1896. Gerald became a Midshipman in 1897, an acting Sub-Lieutenant in 1901, a Sub-Lieutenant in 1902, a Lieutenant in 1903 and finally a Lieutenant-Commander on 30 September 1914 whilst serving on his last ship, HMS Good Hope. He saw service in the Atlantic, off N. America and the West Indies on HMS Pallas which he joined in 1902 and in the Mediterranean on HMS Suffolk which he joined in 1904. Whilst serving on Suffolk he became very ill with enteric fever and had to be hospitalised in Malta. Gerald qualified as a Physical Training Instructor in May 1906. By 1908 he was responsible for all Physical Training for the Home Fleet. Before he joined HMS Good Hope in August 1914 he was land based on HMS Victory at Portsmouth.

When war broke out in 1914 Gerald had been married for almost eleven years to Jane Meriel Atkinson. Their wedding took place at Brentford Registry Office on 16 November 1903. The couple had three daughters: Geraldine Faith (b.c.1904), Grace Meriel Hope (b.c.1906) and Helen Dulcie Charity (b.1908). In 1911, whilst Gerald was on HMS Indomitable, based at Chatham, his family lived in Southsea, where they still resided in 1914. It must have been a wrench to leave his young family so far behind when he joined HMS Good Hope which became the flag ship of Admiral Christopher Cradock’s West Indies squadron.

The rest of the squadron consisted of HMS Monmouth, like Good Hope, an ‘older’ armoured cruiser, HMS Glasgow, a modern light cruiser and HMS Otranto, a converted liner. Their German opponents were a squadron of five modern ships with elite crews under Admiral von Spee. His objective was to attack British and French shipping off the west coast of S. America. The two squadrons met off the Chilean port of Coronel on 1 November 1914. Admiral Cradock ordered the Otranto to escape and then turned to engage the Germans amid a rising, cold and stormy sea. The German Admiral opened fire at 7pm when the British ships were silhouetted against the setting sun. The third salvo from Scharnhorst hit Good Hope knocking out her 9.2” gun. Cradock, endeavouring to bring his 6” guns into play, tried to close the range, only for von Spee to interpret this as an attempt to launch a torpedo and in response to increase the range. At 7.50pm Good Hope’s magazine exploded; the severely damaged ship drifted out of sight, sinking soon afterwards. At 9.18pm HMS Monmouth sank. Both ships had been hit at least thirty times. In just ninety minutes 1,600 British sailors lost their lives. HMS Glasgow escaped. A few bodies were washed ashore, most unidentifiable except as men of the Royal Navy. Some were buried in a specific corner of Coronel’s cemetery.

Jane Gaskell remained a widow until her death in July 1952. Her and Gerald’s three daughters all married; there were two granddaughters and four great-grandchildren. His father died at Cobham in 1915. Horatia Gaskell lived at Oakley, Windsor Walk in Weybridge in the 1920s; when she died in 1930 she was buried with her husband. Gerald, his father and his brother Major John Charles Temple Gaskell are all remembered in St. Botolph’s Church, Longthorpe, Northamptonshire (now Peterborough), Reverend Gaskell’s last parish. Gerald is also commemorated with the others who died on 1 November 1914 on Portsmouth’s Naval Memorial. There is a poignant Memorial Plaque to the 1,600 casualties of the Battle of Coronel just inside the main entrance to St. John’s Church in Concepción, Chile:

God forbid that I should do this thing, and flee away from them; if our time be come, let us die manfully for our brethren, and let us not stain our honour.
1 Maccabees ix

Sources:

British Naval Disaster at Coronel, https://warfarehistorynetwork.com
The Children of Reverend Thomas Kynaston Gaskell and Horatia Octavia Hugo, http://gaskellfamily.com
Major Warships Sunk in WW1, 1914: Battle of Coronel, http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/coronel.html
The Naval Fight off Chile, The Times, 18 November 1914
Robertson, Joan Veronica, ‘A World War One Naval Battle – The Battle of Coronel’, https://joanveronica.hubpages.com
Royal Navy Officers’ Service Records, The National Archives, ADM 196/143/860

Able Seaman John William Buss

Researched and written by Anne Wright

Able Seaman J W Buss, RN
HMS ‘Fandango’
J 2144
Killed, 3.7.1919
Age, 27

John William Buss was born on 5 May 1892 in Paddington, London to Frederick Arthur Buss (b.c.1868), a native of Weybridge, and his first wife Jane. At the time of his son’s birth Frederick was a coachman, resident at Leinster Stables. John was baptised on 3 July 1892 at Christ Church, Paddington. The family moved to Weybridge between 1892 and 1899, where in due course he became a pupil of St James’ School (Baker Street); a Jane Buss died in the Chertsey registration area in 1897 aged 29 and may well have been John’s mother. His father remarried in 1899 to Alice Lucas, a widow. The marriage took place at Oatlands. John’s family expanded with the addition of three Lucas step siblings and his father and Alice went on to have at least six children. In 1901 the family lived in Grove Road behind the Jolly Farmer public house and by 1911 their address was 2, Fir Grove Cottages in New Road.

John was not at the family home in 1911. He was lodging at 21, Fair Row, Chatham in Kent because on his 18th birthday in 1910 he had joined the Royal Navy for a period of twelve years. He was five feet five inches tall had brown hair, blue eyes and a fresh complexion. John described his occupation as a shop boy. He served on many ships including HMS Berwick (1909), two stints on HMS Formidable (1911 & 1912) and HMS Cornwallis (1914). John’s ship when he married Alice Mott on 12 June 1915 at St. Peter’s Church, Hersham was HMS Actaeon. Alice was the same age as John and had been born in Hersham. Her family home was at 8, Green Lane. At the time of their marriage the couple’s fathers, Charles Mott and Frederick Buss were, respectively, a labourer and a decorator.

John joined his final ship, HMS Fandango, a minesweeper, on 15 April 1919. Fandango was one of 20 Royal Navy ships that formed part of the North Russian Expedition in the final months and of the First World War until October 1919 because of the ramifications of the Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia in October 1917. The Expedition’s objectives were to protect Allied supplies in Archangel and Murmansk and to rescue the Czech Legion, trapped in Russia after fighting on the Eastern Front. Fandango’s role was to provide transportation on and mine clearing of the River Dvina. At 8.50am on 21 June 1919 she dropped anchor close to HMS Pegasus. The following day Fandango set off up river towing other craft. On 3 July she struck a mine laid upstream of a rock. Besides John, at least five others of the crew of about twenty-five were killed; Fandango sank. Her sister ship, Sword Dance, had perished a few days earlier.

The North Russian Expedition was not able to link-up with anti-Bolshevik forces and the supplies in Archangel and Murmansk had already been moved up the River Dvina by the Bolsheviks. So the retreat to the coast began in April 1919 and the Expedition had returned home by October. John William Buss is commemorated on Chatham Naval Memorial (32) with over eight thousand other naval casualties of the First World War. In total over forty thousand naval personnel died in the conflict.

John’s widow Alice remarried, to Henry Sutton, in the Chertsey registration district, in 1923. Her first husband was one of the last fatalities from the men of Weybridge who went to war and are remembered on the town’s Memorial.

Sources:

London, England, Church of England Births & Baptisms, 1813-1917, www.ancestry.co.uk
Memorial to the Masters and Old Boys of St James’ School, Weybridge, Who Fell in the Great War of 1914-1918, St James’ Church
RN Gunboats, Minelayers and Monitors in North Russia, 1919, www.gwpda.org/naval/rnmls001.htm
Surrey, England, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1937, www.ancestry.co.uk
The London Gazette (Second Supplement), 18 May 1920
UK. RN Registers of Seamen’s Services, 1853-1928, www.ancestry.co.uk
North Russian Expeditionary Force 1919, Scrapbook Diary, Photographs, Mementos, www.naval-history.net/WW1z05NorthRussia.htm

Lieutenant Edward Wynter Bulteel

Researched and written by Anne Wright

Lt E W Bulteel, RN
HM Torpedo Boat 12
Killed in action, 10.6.1915
Age, 28

Edward Wynter Bulteel made the Royal Navy his career. By the time he joined in 1902 he was already used to travel and being without his parents. His father, also Edward Bulteel (b.1848, Liverpool), was a tea planter and he and his wife Jeannie were in India when their two sons were born: Edward Wynter on 25 November 1886 and Samuel Dominick in 1893. By 1901 the young Edward was at boarding school in Alverstoke, Gosport in Hampshire. His mother had died the previous year in India presumably on or close to their plantation, Chandkhira-tea-estate, Sylhet, Assam.

Midshipman Bulteel, who had joined the Royal Navy in 1902, was promoted to Sub-Lieutenant in 1906 and to Lieutenant in 1909. He served on several ships including Blenheim (1903), this posting took him to China; Formidable (1906), on which he was based in the Mediterranean; Hermione (1910), in home waters and he gained his first experience of Torpedo Boats in 1913. A year later he was transferred to what was to be his final ship, HM Torpedo Boat 12 (HMTB 12; aka HMS Moth), a Cricket Class coastal destroyer of which he was to take command. In the progression of his career to this point he was described in reports as ‘hardworking’, ‘zealous’ and ‘able’.

Not only did he secure his first command in 1914 but he also married Horatia Margaret Gaskell on 29 July at St. Andrew’s Church in Cobham. She was the daughter of the Reverend Thomas Kynaston Gaskell and his wife Horatia (nee Hugo). She was born at Leaton Vicarage in Shropshire in August 1889 and was known ‘officially’ as Margaret but called Daisey. In 1911 she lived with her parents and younger sister in four rooms in Suffolk House, Princes Road in Weybridge. A photograph of c.1910 shows her to have been a very beautiful young woman.

HMTB 12 and three other such vessels plus five destroyers left Harwich at midnight on 9 June 1915. Their mission was to search off the Thames Estuary for reported German submarines. They did not find the submarines but mines laid by UC-11(under the command of Walter Gottfried Schmidt) two days earlier. At 15.30 on 10 June HMTB 12’s bow was rocked by a large explosion. She stayed afloat and as her sister ship HMTB 10 (aka HMS Greenfly) came alongside the crew abandoned ship. At 16.10 HMTB 10 also experienced a devastating explosion, split in two and sank. HMTB 12 was taken in tow by a trawler, but to no avail as she sank between Sunk Lightvessel and the Shipwash South Buoy. Forty-eight men had been lost including Edward Bulteel and twenty-two ratings from his vessel.

When Daisey Bulteel was widowed she had been married for just ten months and was pregnant with their daughter, Rosemary who was born in the last quarter of 1915. Her birth was registered in Chertsey, Surrey. As a young widowed single mother Daisey was devoted to her daughter but also contributed to the community through practical nursing and voluntary work. She also lost two brothers, Lt-Commander Gerald Bruce Gaskell, RN (1914), Captain John Charles Gaskell (1917) and her brother-in-law Major Samuel Dominick Bulteel (1917). Her brothers are also commemorated on the Weybridge War Memorial. When her daughter married a Canadian naval officer Daisey followed her to Canada in 1947 and according to her grandson Bob ‘…welcomed the challenge of helping to raise and enjoy her (five) grandchildren’.

Edward Wynter Bulteel is buried in Shotley (St. Mary) Churchyard (RN Plot 35), Suffolk. He is also remembered in All Souls Chapel of St. James’ Church in Weybridge where the figure of the glorified Christ in the Triptych was sponsored in his name. His wife died in 1987. Daisey is commemorated on Edward’s headstone; she had been a widow for seventy-two years.

Sources:

British India Office Ecclesiastical Returns – Births & Baptisms, www.findmypast.co.uk
England, Surrey, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1937, www.ancestry.co.uk
The Children of Rev Thomas Gaskell and Horatia Octavia Hugo, www.gaskellfamily.com
Gifts to All Souls Chapel, St James and St Michael and All Angels Parish Records, Surrey History Centre, 3204/10/8
Royal Navy Officers’ Service Records, 1756-1931, The National Archives, ADM 196/143/860
TB – 12 (Moth), www.wrecksite.eu