Harry St. Clair Chad

Henry (Harry) St. Clair Chad was born in 1884 in Redhill, Surrey. He married Alice Levina Ireland on 3 September 1911 and they became licensees of ‘The Marquis of Granby’ in Hooley Lane, Redhill, that year. They had a daughter, Joan Lilian, on 19 February 1915. Harry joined the Army Service Corps (Motor Transport) in May 1916 and trained principally at Marlborough. He was sent to the Western Front where he saw 8 months’ service before being transferred to the Italian Front in 1917. He died from pneumonia following influenza in the 24 Casualty Clearing Station, Italy, on 30 October 1918 and is buried in Montecchio Precalcino Communal Cemetery Extension, 8 miles north-north-east of Vicenza, Italy. His wife continued as sole licensee of ‘The Marquis of Granby’ until she retired to Rustington, West Sussex, in 1961 to be near her daughter, son-in-law and granddaughter. Alice died in 1971.

William Charles Layton, Redhill boy given military funeral

Written by Moira Nairn

William Charles Layton was born on 28th May 1898, the first son and third child of Charles Robert Layton and Clara Layton née Clarke. Both parents had been born in South London but, by 1901, had settled with their family in 24 Fengates Road, Redhill where Charles worked as an upholsterer and picture framer. Sadly, in the same year of William’s birth, his sister, Mary Elizabeth, died. A fourth child, Frederick Charles Layton, was born in 1907.

William Charles joined the Queen’s (Royal West Surrey Regiment) at the age of 16, joining up on 18th May 1915. After training, he was quartered in the borough where he was working as an orderly.

Newspaper report on William Charles Layton's funeral

Newspaper report on William Charles Layton’s funeral

He took ill suddenly and died of peritonitis on 3rd March 1916. A gun carriage carried his coffin to Reigate cemetery where the Last Post was played and a firing party was deployed. His burial on 8th March was reported in a local paper.


‘The 2/5th Battalion on the Queen’s West Surrey Regiment, who are quartered in the Borough, have lost a very promising and popular soldier in the person of Pte W.C. Layton, who died after a very short illness on the Reigate and Redhill Hospital on Friday morning and was buried on Wednesday at the Reigate Cemetery with military honours. Pte Layton, the son of Mr C. R. Layton, 24 Fengates-rd., was a keen soldier. He enlisted in the 2/5th Queen’s on the 18th of May 1915, at the age of sixteen, and, with the military training he received at Windsor and other places developed and looked older than he really was. Since the battalion had been in the Borough he has been engaged as a clerk in the orderly room. He was suddenly taken ill last week and removed to the hospital, where he died in the early hours of Friday morning in the presence of his father and mother.

A large number of people witnessed the funeral, which was of an impressive character. The coffin, draped with the Union Jack, was taken on a gun carriage drawn by six horses to Shrewsbury Hall, the Plymouth Brethern Mission, where deceased attended regularly prior to joining the Army. Mr Joseph Burt and Mr F. Kent conducted a service, and kindly and sympathetic reference was made to the dead solider.

After the service the cortege proceeded to Reigate Cemetery, headed by a firing party under Sergt. Tovey. The band of the Battalion attended, and played suitable music en route. The mourning coaches were followed by the “B” Company of the Battalion, to which Pte Layton was attached. Lte.-Col. St. B. Sladen, the Acting Adjutant, Lieut. Chase, and Regtl.-Sergt.-Major Childs were also present.

The mourners included Mr and Mrs C.R. Layton (father and mother), Miss Cissie Layton and Master Fred Layton (sister and brother) and his aunts and cousins. The Battalion Chaplain conducted the service at the graveside. Three volleys were fired and the Last Post being sounded on the bugles, the company dispersed. A number of floral tributes marked the love and affection and esteem in which Pte Layton was held. They were sent by the mother and father, sister and brother, grandma, “Horace.” Aunt Sophie, Aunt Fanny and cousins Flo and Nellie, Mrs Haylar, Mr and Mrs Manning, Mr and Mrs Gandy, the Misses Woodman and Crawley, Mrs. Canter, and Mr and Mrs Bacon. Lt-Col. St. B Sladen, officers and men of the Battalion sent a wreath, Lieut. Sparks a floral tribute, and the men of “B” company also subscribed for a permanent token of respect. The funeral arrangements were placed in the hands of Messrs Geo.Comber and Sons.’

Keith Field, William’s great nephew recalls his grandfather, Frederick Charles Layton, speaking of his childhood memory of the guns being sounded over the coffin. Nine years of age at the time of his brother’s death, the brothers had been close.

Photograph of William Charles Layton with surround

Photograph of William Charles Layton with surround.

The newspaper report concluded by mentioning a ‘permanent token of respect’ given by his regiment to the family. It does not specify what that might be. However, Keith Field has in his possession a framed tribute containing a photo of his great-uncle. The rear of the frame has two metal stamps, one with his great-uncle’s name and service number, and the other with the name of his battalion.

Might this be the ‘token of respect’ referred to in the article?

My thanks to Keith Field for sharing this information about his maternal great-uncle. Keith and his father, Charles Field have also been interviewed as part of the Oral History project where they talk about Charles Field’s Uncle Charles’ WW1 service.

Fred Day

Family story contributed by Brian Gudgeon

Fred Day was born on 10 May 1894, to Alfred John Day and Alice Louisa Day (nee Gaunt), in Nunhead (which is now part of the London Borough of Southwark).  Before the outbreak of war, he worked as a Motor Mechanic’s Assistant, whilst living with his family at 116 Birchanger Road, South Norwood (according to the 1911 Census).

Fred Day’s Royal Navy record, 1917. Courtesy of Brian Gudgeon

In 1915, Fred married Lilian H. White, in Croydon.  His wartime service, unlike his brothers, was spent with the Royal Nave, service number F26490. His first service date was 12 Mar 1917 on HMS President II and his last service date 31 Mar 1918, aboard the same ship. This was not a fighting ship, but the London Accounting Base for numerous naval ships and establishments that were not self-accounting. It is possible he was at the Crystal Palace, which was taken over by the Royal Navy in early September 1914 to be the Royal Naval Division Depot. More importantly, it was the initial training establishment for all the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve recruits and also for officers destined for the Royal Navy Division.

In 1939, Fred and Lilian lived at 75 Keston Road, Croydon; Fred worked as a Fitter Engineer Heavy Worker.  He died in 1953, aged 59, when the couple lived at 90 Harcourt Road, Thornton Heaths, leaving Lilian £543 13s. 11d.

Read about his brothers in the First World War:

Arthur Day: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/arthur-day/ 

Alfred Day: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/alfred-wilton-day/

Herbert Day: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/herbert-day/

Sydney Day: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/sydney-frederick-day/

Walter Day: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/walter-daniel-day/

William Day: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/william-day/

Frank Woodger

Family story contributed by Brian Gudgeon

Frank Woodger was born on 24 March 1887, to Thomas Woodger and Emma Woodger (nee Sink), in Ockham.  He was baptised on 26 June that same year, at St Mary’s Church, Byfleet.  By the time of the 1901 Census, the family had moved to 2 Sidney Cottage, Poplar Drive, New Malden, with Frank working as a Page Boy.  In 1910, he married Annie Burningham in late 1901, at Croydon Registry Office.  The couple lived at 26 Warren Road, Croydon, while Frank worked as a Nurseryman.

Frank Woodger WW1 Medal Index Card. Courtesy of Brian Gudegon

In the First World War, Frank served in the 3rd Battalion, London Regiment and the Labour Corps.  He enlisted on 27 March 1916, and was eventually discharged on 23 September 1919, as a result of injuries sustained during his service; he had a pronounced limp as a result of his injuries.

Frank and Mary Woodger (nee Hodge), 1952

At the time of the 1939 Register, Frank and Annie were living at 45 Windmill Road, Croydon, with Frank employed as a Gardener. Sadly, Annie died not long after the recording of this document, in 1943.  Frank remarried a year later: he and Mary Amelia Hodge (Millie) had both suffered the loss of their first spouse (Millie’s first husband, Alfred, had died in 1933).  It was a brief marriage, as Frank died in 1953.

Read the story of Mary Hodge’s first husband, Alfred Day: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/alfred-wilton-day/

Alfred Charles Hodge

Family story contributed by Brian Gudgeon

Alfred Charles Hodge was born in early 1879, to Charles Robert Hodge and Louisa Sophia Hodge (nee Pike), in Croydon.  The 1901 Census records that he worked as a Cycle Fitter, and still lived with his parents.  At the age of 24, he married Ellen Muggeridge, in spring 1903; the couple lived at 70 Princess Road, with Alfred working as a Fitter.  He had become a Milk Carrier by 1911, when the couple lived at in Flat 5, 85a Elsinore Road, Forest Hill.

In the First World War, Alfred served as a Private with the Royal Army Service Corps (service number M/303082 – [the M denoting that he was involved with Mechanical Transport])

He died in the autumn of 1925, aged 47.

Read about his brother, Ernest Francis Hodge: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/ernest-francis-hodge/

Read the story of his brother-in-law, Alfred Day (husband of sister Mary Amelia Hodge): https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/alfred-wilton-day/

Ernest Francis Hodge

Family story contributed by Brian Gudgeon

Ernest Francis Hodge was born on 24 November 1880, to Ernest Francis Hodge and Louisa Sophia Hodge (nee Pike), in Croydon.   Prior to the outbreak of the First World War, Ernest worked as a Signal Lad for the London, Brighton & South Coast railway company, starting on 18 April 1905 at Anerley station (now in the London Borough of Bromley).  Over the next three years, he was transferred to Norwood Junction and Crystal Palace (where he worked as a Telegraph Clerk).  According to the UK Railway Employment Records 1833-1956, Ernest was dismissed on 11 February 1909 for cloak room ticket irregularities.

In the 1908-1933 Surrey Recruitment Registers, Ernest had moved on to be a Milk Carrier (living with his parents at 15 Ingatestone Road, South Norwood) before enlisting with the 4th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment, at Kingston on Thames.  He was described as being 5ft 4inches, weighing 115lb, with grey eyes and light brown hair.

Ernest’s First World War Service record states that he served as a Driver for the Royal Army Service Corps (service number T/289678).  He was then promoted to T/Sergeant.  [Soldiers with a ‘T’ prefixed to their number usually served in Horse Transport].  In 1915, Ernest married Florence White; the witnesses were Alfred Charles Hodge (brother), Charles Robert Hodge (father) and Mary Amelia Hodge (sister).  The couple lived at 57 Elmers Road, Woodside, Croydon.

At the time of the 1939 Register, Ernest was working as a Milk Salesman and living at 12 Hawthorne Avenue, Croydon.
He died in 1977.

Read the story of his brother, Alfred Charles Hodge: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/alfred-charles-hodge/

Read the story of his brother-in-law, Alfred Day (husband of Mary Amelia Hodge): https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/alfred-wilton-day/

Sidney Harold Langridge

Family story contributed by Brian Gudgeon

Sidney Harold Langridge was born on 19 August 1891, to Sydney John Langridge and Lizzie Langridge (nee Saker), in Croydon.  He was baptised on 4 October that same year, at the Church of St Peter & St Paul, Mitcham.  By 1901, the family had moved to the High Street, Colliers Wood, at Sydney Langridge’s general store.  Ten years later, at the time of the 1911 Census, Sidney and his widowed mother (together with the rest of the family) were living at 31 Carmichael Road, South Norwood; Sidney was listed as working as a Clerk at a General Surgical Instrument Maker’s.

In 1915, a year after the outbreak of the First World War, Sidney was posted to France with the Royal Field Artillery, first as a Driver then as a Gunner.  There are two entries for him in the First World War Service Medals and Award Rolls 1914-1920 (both listing him as ‘Stanley’).

After the war, Sidney married Catherine Wheeler, on 20 November 1927, at St Mary Magdalene Church, Addiscombe, Croydon.  The couple lived at 229 Addiscombe Road, Croydon in 1939, when Sidney worked as a Hospital Supplies Manager.  He died in 1979, aged 87.

Read the stories of his brothers here:

Horace Leonard Langridge: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/horace-leonard-langridge/

Cecil Herbert Langridge: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/cecil-herbert-langridge/

Cecil Herbert Langridge

Family story contributed by Brian Gudgeon

Cecil Herbert Langridge was born on 8 November 1894, to Sydney John Langridge and Lizzie Langridge (nee Saker), in Croydon.  By 1901, the family had moved to the High Street, Colliers Wood, at Sydney Langridge’s general store.  Ten years later, at the time of the 1911 Census, Cecil and his widowed mother (together with the rest of the family) were living at 31 Carmichael Road, South Norwood; Cecil was listed as working as an Engineer’s Assistant (Screw Maker) for an Optical Instrument Makers.

Cecil Langridge’s record on the Roll of Individuals entitled to the British War Medal; he is listed as serving with the Military Police. Courtesy of Brian Gudgeon.

He has two entries under the First World War Service Medal and Award Rolls:
1. Dated 1914: Cecil is listed as a Gunner for the 18th Divisional Ammunition Column and Ammunition Park, Royal Garrison Artillery; service number 40932.
2. Dated 1914-1920. Cecil had risen to the ranks of Lance Corporal, and was now serving with the Foot Branch of the Military Police.

After the war, Cecil married Elsie Hinds, in early 1922 in Southwark.  At the time of the 1939 Register, his listed as working as a Scientific Instrument maker, with the couple living at 46 Violet Lane, Croydon.

Read the stories of his brothers here:

Horace Leonard Langridge: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/horace-leonard-langridge/

Sidney Harold Langridge: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/sidney-harold-langridge/

Horace Leonard Langridge

Family story contributed by Brian Gudgeon

Horace Leonard Langridge was born on 3 November 1892, to Sydney John Langridge and Lizzie Langridge (nee Saker), in Croydon.  In the Surrey Church of England Baptism records for 1813-1912, Horace’s baptism took place at St Luke’s Church, Woodside, Croydon on 5 February 1893; his father is listed as worked as a Railway Clerk, with the family living at 3 The Oval, Croydon.  By 1901, the family had moved to the High Street, Colliers Wood, at Sydney Langridge’s general store.  Ten years later, at the time of the 1911 Census, Horace and his widowed mother were living at 31 Carmichael Road, South Norwood; Horace was listed as working as a Clerk in a General Coal Merchant’s store.

Horace Langridge Army Attestation Papers. Courtesy of Brian Gudgeon.

During the First World War, Horace served as a Gunner in the London Brigade (Heavy Battery), Royal Garrison Artillery.  Nothing else is known about his wartime service, as his papers were among the many destroyed in the London Blitz of the Second World War.

The wedding of Horace Langridge to Ethel Day, 23 July 1921. Courtesy of Brian Gudgeon

He survived the war, and married Ethel Day on 23 July 1921, at St Saviour’s Church, Croydon.  The couple lived at 12 Torridge Road, Croydon, at the time of the 1939 Register.  He died on 24 January 1984, when he had been living at Longmead House, Buxton Lane, Caterham, aged 92.



Read the stories of his brothers here:

Cecil Herbert Langridge: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/cecil-herbert-langridge/

Sidney Harold Langridge: https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/story/sidney-harold-langridge/

Norman Frank Andrews

Family story contributed by Brian Gudgeon

Norman Frank Andrews was born in June 1898, to Leonard Frank Andrews and Annie Andrews (nee Chitty), on the Isle of Wight.  The family had moved to Russ Hill Road Cottage Charlwood, Surrey, by the time of the 1901 Census, later moving to Russ Hill Farm.

He enlisted at Horsham in February 1917, aged 18, with ‘D’ Battery, 52nd Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, serving as a Gunner.  After a few months of training, he was sent to France, where he was killed in action a year later in September 1918.  An obituary appeared in the Surrey Mirror & County Post on 27 September 1918:

Report on Norman Andrews’ death, as reported in the Surrey Mirror, 27 September 1918

News has reached Mr and Mrs L F Andrews, of Russ Hill Farm, Charlwood, that their only son, Gunner Norman Frank Andrews, of the Royal Field Artillery, has fallen in action during the recent advance on the Western front.  It appears that he was standing with his section officer and several of his comrades when a shell burst right by them, a fragment striking Norman Andrews on the head, killing him instantaneously.  His section officer and the others were all wounded.  Deceased, who was 20 years of age last June, joined up for military service in February 1917; was drafted out to France in September of last year; was killed on [3 September*] 1918.  The burial took place in the little cemetery behind the lines.  An officer, writing to his sorrowing parents, says: “I have known your son ever since he joined the battery and can truthfully say that he was one of the most efficient gunners we had.  He always did his duty well and faithfully, and as a man was popular both with officers and men,  His loss will be felt by all who knew him.

*Actually 5 September 1918

Norman’s friends also wrote  to express their sorrow at his death; the refer to his buoyancy of spirit, his friendliness, and willingness to help at all times.  He had many friends in Charlwood, his bright, cheery disposition making him a general favourite in all circles.  He is buried in Vis-En-Artois British Cemetery, Haucourt, France, and is commemorated on the war memorial at St Nicholas Church, Charlwood, and on the Roll of Honour in the church.

Norman Andrews’ Grave Report on the Graves Registration Report Form